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一般醫療新知 : 正確使用口罩 預防H1N1新型流感 (文稿提供:台北市政府衛生局)
發表者 wangob 於 2009-05-23 14:33:07 (1655 人氣)

口罩可分為外科口罩、平面口罩及N95高效過濾口罩二大類。
外科口罩、平面口罩用於阻擋飛沫散佈,並避免噴賤的液體與噴霧接觸到口、鼻,一般有咳嗽、打噴嚏等流感症狀、有機會與他人近距離接觸、前往擁擠場所、或與生病者近距離接觸時適用外科口罩、平面口罩;N95高效過濾口罩,可避免吸入空氣中的飛沫微粒,依據世界衛生組織(WHO)感染控制指引,係建議醫護人員於執行引發飛沫微粒之治療措施,或於隔離病房等高風險區使用;高效過濾口罩使用前需經佩戴訓練與密合度測試,其呼吸阻力大,佩戴時不舒適,較不建議民眾使用。

「正確使用口罩」步驟如下:
(一) 佩戴口罩前,先徹底清潔雙手;佩戴及脫除口罩的過程需注意不要用未清洗的雙手接觸口鼻。
(二) 口罩外層可能沾染病毒,故使用中、使用後,避免碰觸口罩外層。
(三) 用過的口罩謹慎丟棄,為避免手接觸到口罩表面,應持綁繩或鬆緊帶丟入垃圾桶。
(四) 取下及丟棄口罩後,請徹底清潔雙手。
(五) 若無法取得拋棄式口罩,可配戴布製口罩並重複使用,同時應以上述相同方式取下,再以清潔劑洗淨。

H1N1 新型流感傳染途徑與季節性流感類似,主要透過飛沫傳染與接觸傳染,預防方法如下:
(一)養成良好個人衛生習慣,勤洗手、咳嗽時遮蔽口鼻,適度休息、增加抵抗力。
(二)遠離感染來源,生病時儘量在家休息,避免外出傳染他人,並避免前往H1N1新型流感發生地區。
(三)出現發燒、咳嗽、喉嚨痛、全身酸痛及噁心、腹瀉等症狀時,請戴口罩,儘速就醫;主動告知旅遊史、接觸史及週遭親友是否有類似症狀之群聚史,以利及時處理群聚事件,避免疫情擴散。

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此篇文章為網友個人意見,不代表本站立場.
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發表日: 2012-03-24 00:13  更新: 2012-03-24 00:13
 Re: 正確使用口罩 預防H1N1新型流感 (文稿提供:台北市政府衛...
訪客
發表日: 2012-03-19 18:52  更新: 2012-03-19 18:52
 Re: 正確使用口罩 預防H1N1新型流感 (文稿提供:台北市政府衛...
訪客
發表日: 2012-02-22 03:52  更新: 2012-02-22 03:52
 Re: 正確使用口罩 預防H1N1新型流感 (文稿提供:台北市政府衛...
訪客
發表日: 2012-01-19 06:45  更新: 2012-01-19 06:45
 Re: 正確使用口罩 預防H1N1新型流感 (文稿提供:台北市政府衛...
訪客
發表日: 2012-01-19 02:33  更新: 2012-01-19 02:33
 Re: 正確使用口罩 預防H1N1新型流感 (文稿提供:台北市政府衛...
dwqd1w21
發表日: 2011-02-26 20:44  更新: 2011-02-26 20:44
註冊日: 2011-02-26
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發表數: 13
 Re: 正確使用口罩 預防H1N1新型流感 (文稿提供:台北市政府衛...
dwqdww21
發表日: 2011-02-08 22:43  更新: 2011-02-08 22:43
註冊日: 2011-01-24
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發表數: 9
 Re: 正確使用口罩 預防H1N1新型流感 (文稿提供:台北市政府衛...
fe23eqw2
發表日: 2011-01-12 14:12  更新: 2011-01-12 14:12
註冊日: 2011-01-06
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發表數: 9
 Re: 正確使用口罩 預防H1N1新型流感 (文稿提供:台北市政府衛...
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